Cannabis contains over 480 active components, 80 of which are only found in this kind of plants. Each of these acts differently on the body and, for this reason, scientific research is constantly under way to highlight new aspects and new properties related to this substance.
The 80 components present only in Cannabis are also known as Cannabinoids. These go to interact with the receptors of our body, causing certain effects on the nervous system and the brain. Below you will find a brief description of the 8 major cannabinoids found in marijuana.
Cannabidiol or, briefly, CBD is the second most common cannabinoid in marijuana. It has serious implications in the field of medicine and is the component sought by consumers for therapeutic purposes. This is not a psychoactive principle and is believed to be able to reduce and regulate the effects of THC. This means that the varieties with high levels of THC and CBD will provoke brain effects, keeping the mind much clearer than it would be with a quality containing less CBD which, instead, would lead to more nebulous and intoxicating effects. CBD itself is accompanied by a long list of medical properties. The main one, among these, is the ability to alleviate the symptoms of various disorders, such as chronic pain, inflammation, headaches, arthritis, spasms, epilepsy and schizophrenia. It has also been shown that CBD has some anticancer properties and new uses and applications are constantly being discovered thanks to medical research.
It is certainly the best known and most abundant of the cannabinoids in Cannabis. THC is the acronym of delta-9-tetrahydrocannibinol. This cannabinoid is responsible for the main psychoactive effect detectable during an experience under the influence of cannabis. It goes to stimulate the brain causing dopamine release: it results in an euphoria and well-being effect. THC also has an analgesic effect: it relieves the symptoms of pain and inflammation. These results, combined together, determine a great sense of relaxation.
Cannabinol, or CBN, is an analgesic that manifests itself due to the decomposition of THC by oxidation. It is slightly psychoactive and is found only in small quantities in the fresh plant. You can manage to keep a minimal percentage by keeping the Cannabis crop in a dark and dry place. The effects of THC, normally, are preferred to those of CBN, since the latter does not have the same strength as THC and can cause a sense of intoxication when taken at high concentrations. It is also known for its ability to alleviate oppressive moods, such as anxiety, and reduce ocular pressure.
Tetrahydrocannabivarino, or THCV, is thought to be a cannabinoid that moderates the intensity of the psychoactive effects of THC. Recent research conducted on THCV also suggests that it can be used in the treatment of metabolic disorders and act as a regulator of appetite.
Cannabicromene, or CBC, appears to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, although no research has been conducted to date. A recent study has suggested that it may play a potential role in research on brain cell regrowth.
Very similar to THCA, CBDA is the acid form of CBD. Recently we are considering its possible anti-emetic effects (anti-nausea) as well as its potential in the fight against breast cancer. However it is necessary to continue the research to deepen these possible medical benefits.
THCA is the acid form of THC. It is the raw state of THC present in fresh plants. During heat combustion THCA turns into THC. When it is in its raw form, THCA is not considered an active component.
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