THC & CBD: differences
With the hundreds of compounds contained in cannabis, knowing which effects induces each of them can be complicated. We limited ourselves to deepening the two main cannabinoids, THC and CBD, to highlight their differences and uses.
The world of cannabis can be a real minefield, especially when trying to understand the difference between the several compounds of this plant, so loved and sought after by many. The legal boundaries that limit access to cannabis in many states, however, generate an intimidating factor, for which many people prefer to give up deepening the myriad uses that this plant offers. The two main compounds, or "cannabinoids", contained in Cannabis are THC and CBD. THC is the best known, being the active ingredient associated with psychoactive effects and, consequently, the responsible for the illegality of cannabis in many countries. However, when we talk about CBD things change, and a lot. This cannabinoid, in fact, has properties very different from THC, but ignorance often tends to label it as another psychoactive compound to avoid.
Understanding the true difference between these two active ingredients precisely can be quite complicated, but it will allow you to better understand some of the most modern and exciting uses of cannabis, such as offering many people the opportunity to improve their standard of living.
We begin to analyse the most popular and loved by cannabis consumers: THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol (let's stay it with the abbreviation THC, much simpler to pronounce and remember). It is the main psychoactive compound contained in Cannabis plants and is responsible for the so-called "high" caused by marijuana. The effects of THC vary depending on its concentration, but even small percentages can stimulate the brain. Normally, you can sense feelings of euphoria, relaxation, weight and appetite (like the famous chemical hunger that many of you would know). However, it is this ability that changes the senses that has made THC illegal in most of the world, where, however, the spread of cannabis as a recreational drug has not found any obstacle. Although it is a psychoactive compound considered illegal in many countries, THC has shown interesting properties in the field of medicine. Being the first compound discovered inside Cannabis plants, the research has already obtained promising results for its possible application for therapeutic purposes. It has indeed been shown that it can effectively act against chronic or severe diseases and disorders of various kinds, offering relief and reducing pains where conventional drugs have failed or can’t be used for their harmful side effects.
Now that we have better understood the properties of THC, we can more easily cope with the benefits of CBD (cannabidiol), as well as the differences between these two cannabinoids. The main difference is that CBD is a non-psychoactive compound, i.e. it does not cause any "high". This, of course, was welcomed with enthusiasm by the scientific and medical world, but its potential applications on humans are still under study today. Thanks to its non-psychoactive properties, this cannabinoid is considered safe and, even more important, legal throughout the world. However, the close kinship with THC tends to falsely put these two compounds on the same level. But now that we know that CBD is safe and legal, what are its real and potential applications?
CBD has been shown to be particularly effective in the treatment of schizophrenia, social anxiety disorder and depression, as well as countering many other psychotic symptoms. People suffering from these disorders can improve their quality of life thanks to the therapeutic properties of this cannabinoid, without being forced to manage the side effects potentially induced by THC, such as the alteration of the senses and the sensations of weighting and lethargy. In addition to helping in the treatment of some psychotic symptoms, CBD is also used in the treatment of physical illnesses such as inflammation, headaches, arthritis and muscle spasms (giving this cannabinoid an even broader therapeutic connotation). At the same time, being a very versatile compound, the medical world continues today to study all the possible effects, to be able to more accurately outline its applications in the medical field. The slowness with which the research moves in this direction is mainly due to the image that modern society has of THC, considered the aggressive lion of the active ingredients of Cannabis, absolutely to be avoided.
However, while most studies are still on the high seas, what makes the scientific approach to CBD all the more interesting is that we could discover other interesting therapeutic properties, re-launching the Cannabis sector in an even more positive context.