Cannabis / Hemp
Genus of angiosperm plant in the Cannabaceae family. Usually two main species are distinguished, Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica. The plants of Cannabis sativa, originating from the equatorial belt, tend to have a very long lasting flowering, up to 14-16 weeks and more in some varieties, while varieties of Cannabis indica, which originates in the subtropical / temperate belt, usually require about 8 -10 weeks to bring the ripening inflorescences.
Molecules naturally produced by the human body and naturally present also in the hemp plant. Cannabinoids act as messengers on the endocannabinoid system present in the human body, generating biochemical responses. There are over 60 known phytocannabinoids.
CBD is one of the naturally occurring cannabinoids in the hemp plant. Compared to THC, CBD acts on different neuronal channels and for these reasons it is not psychoactive and does not alter motor and perception. In contrast to THC, it does not cause secondary effects such as increased heartbeat, respiration and body temperature, anxiety and the occasional paranoid manifestations caused by the psychoactive cannabinoid. Several scientific studies have suggested that CBD has antioxidant, analgesic, sedative, antipsychotic, antiepileptic, and anti-inflammatory effects. Consequently, CBD can reduce the feeling of nausea and vomiting, decrease inflammation, fight cell degeneration, and alleviate symptoms of anxiety and depression.
THC was the most studied cannabinoid before the recent scientific findings on CBD. Contrary to CBD, THC is psychoactive and causes muscle relaxation and a feeling of fatigue for about 1-2 hours. Furthermore, THC can reduce motor coordination, decrease cognitive functions and alter perceptions. Several scientific studies suggest that THC has anticonvulsant, antipsychotic, and anti-inflammatory properties that can reduce the side effects of chemotherapy and the symptoms of multiple sclerosis.
They are a class of lipid molecules united by the ability to stimulate the naturally occurring cannabinoid receptors present in the endocannabinoid system to every human being.
set of at least two atoms joined together by sharing pairs of electrons that form a chemical bond. Depending on the substance, each molecule possesses different chemical properties.
Molecule present in the human body that carries information between the cells of the nervous system. Once the information is received, these nerve cells activate specific biochemical responses to the neutron transmitter.
Adjective defining a chemical compound that alters mental, psychic, cognitive and motor functions. Psychoactive substances can be addictive.
Molecule present on cells that receives information from a neutron transmitter and causes a biochemical reaction in the body. There are many types of receptors that are stimulated by drugs to activate therapeutic responses.